Thursday, December 4, 2008

Computer shortcut keys

Below is a listing of all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft Word. See our main shortcut page if you're looking for other shortcut keys used in other programs.
Shortcut Keys
Description
Ctrl + A
Select all contents of the page.
Ctrl + B
Bold highlighted selection.
Ctrl + C
Copy selected text.
Ctrl + X
Cut selected text.
Ctrl + P
Open the print window.
Ctrl + F
Open find box.
Ctrl + I
Italic highlighted selection.
Ctrl + K
Insert link.
Ctrl + U
Underline highlighted selection.
Ctrl + V
Paste.
Ctrl + Y
Redo the last action performed.
Ctrl + Z
Undo last action.
Ctrl + L
Aligns the line or selected text to the left of the screen.
Ctrl + E
Aligns the line or selected text to the center of the screen.
Ctrl + R
Aligns the line or selected text to the right of the screen.
Ctrl + M
Indent the paragraph.
Ctrl + Shift + F
Change the font.
Ctrl + Shift + >
Increase selected font +1pts up to 12pt and then increases font +2pts.
Ctrl + ]
Increase selected font +1pts.
Ctrl + Shift + <>
Moves one word to the left.
Ctrl +
Moves one word to the right.
Ctrl +
Moves to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
Ctrl +
Moves to the end of the paragraph.
Ctrl + Del
Deletes word to right of cursor.
Ctrl + Backspace
Deletes word to left of cursor.
Ctrl + End
Moves the cursor to the end of the document.
Ctrl + Home
Moves the cursor to the beginning of the document.
Ctrl + Spacebar
Reset highlighted text to the default font.
Ctrl + 1
Single-space lines.
Ctrl + 2
Double-space lines.
Ctrl + 5
1.5-line spacing.
Ctrl + Alt + 1
Changes text to heading 1.
Ctrl + Alt + 2
Changes text to heading 2.
Ctrl + Alt + 3
Changes text to heading 3.
Ctrl + F1
Open the Task Pane.
F1
Open Help.
Alt + Ctrl + F2
Open new document.
Ctrl + F2
Display the print preview.
Shift + F3
Change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.
Shift + Insert
Paste.
F4
Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+)
F5
Open the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word.
Ctrl + Shift + F6
Opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
F7
Spell and grammar check selected text and/or document.
Shift + F7
Runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted.
F12
Save as.
Shift + F12
Save.
Ctrl + Shift + F12
Prints the document.
Alt + Shift + D
Insert the current date.
Alt + Shift + T
Insert the current time.
In addition to the above shortcut keys users can also use their mouse as a method of quickly do something commonly performed. Below some are examples of mouse shortcuts.
Mouse shortcuts
Description
Click, hold, and drag
Selects text from where you click and hold to the point you drag and let go.
Double-click
If double-click a word, selects the complete word.
Double-click
Double-clicking on the left, center, or right of a blank line will make the alignment of the text left, center, or right aligned.
Double-click
Double-clicking anywhere after text on a line will set a tab stop.
Triple-click
Selects the line or paragraph of the text the mouse triple-clicked.
Ctrl + Mouse wheel
Zooms in and out of డాకుమేంట్

Excels Keyboard Shortcuts
Shortcut key
Action
Menu equivalentcomments
Version
Ctrl+A
Select All
None
All
Ctrl+B
Bold
Format, Cells, Font, Font Style, Bold
All
Ctrl+C
Copy
Edit, Copy
All
Ctrl+D
Fill Down
Edit, Fill, Down
All
Ctrl+F
Find
Edit, Find
All
Ctrl+G
Goto
Edit, Goto
All
Ctrl+H
Replace
Edit, Replace
All
Ctrl+I
Italic
Format, Cells, Font, Font Style, Italic
All
Ctrl+K
Insert Hyperlink
Insert, Hyperlink
Excel 97/2000
Ctrl+N
New Workbook
File, New
All
Ctrl+O
Open
File, Open
All
Ctrl+P
Print
File, Print
All
Ctrl+R
Fill Right
Edit, Fill Right
All
Ctrl+S
Save
File, Save
All
Ctrl+U
Underline
Format, Cells, Font, Underline, Single
All
Ctrl+V
Paste
Edit, Paste
All
Ctrl W
Close
File, Close
Excel 97/2000
Ctrl+X
Cut
Edit, Cut
All
Ctrl+Y
Repeat
Edit, Repeat
All
Ctrl+Z
Undo
Edit, Undo
All
F1
Help
Help, Contents and Index
All
F2
Edit
None
All
F3
Paste Name
Insert, Name, Paste
All
F4
Repeat last action
Edit, Repeat. Works while not in Edit mode.
All
F4
While typing a formula, switch between absolute/relative refs
None
All
F5
Goto
Edit, Goto
All
F6
Next Pane
None
All
F7
Spell check
Tools, Spelling
All
F8
Extend mode
None
All
F9
Recalculate all workbooks
Tools, Options, Calculation, Calc,Now
All
F10
Activate Menubar
N/A
All
F11
New Chart
Insert, Chart
All
F12
Save As
File, Save As
All
Ctrl+:
Insert Current Time
None
All
Ctrl+;
Insert Current Date
None
All
Ctrl+"
Copy Value from Cell Above
Edit, Paste Special, Value
All
Ctrl+'
Copy Fromula from Cell Above
Edit, Copy
All
Shift
Hold down shift for additional functions in Excel's menu
none
Excel 97/2000
Shift+F1
What's This?
Help, What's This?
All
Shift+F2
Edit cell comment
Insert, Edit Comments
All
Shift+F3
Paste function into formula
Insert, Function
All
Shift+F4
Find Next
Edit, Find, Find Next
All
Shift+F5
Find
Edit, Find, Find Next
All
Shift+F6
Previous Pane
None
All
Shift+F8
Add to selection
None
All
Shift+F9
Calculate active worksheet
Calc Sheet
All
Shift+F10
Display shortcut menu
None
All
Shift+F11
New worksheet
Insert, Worksheet
All
Shift+F12
Save
File, Save
All
Ctrl+F3
Define name
Insert, Names, Define
All
Ctrl+F4
Close
File, Close
All
Ctrl+F5
XL, Restore window size
Restore
All
Ctrl+F6
Next workbook window
Window, ...
All
Shift+Ctrl+F6
Previous workbook window
Window, ...
All
Ctrl+F7
Move window
XL, Move
All
Ctrl+F8
Resize window
XL, Size
All
Ctrl+F9
Minimize workbook
XL, Minimize
All
Ctrl+F10
Maximize or restore window
XL, Maximize
All
Ctrl+F11
Inset 4.0 Macro sheet
None in Excel 97. In versions prior to 97 - Insert, Macro, 4.0 Macro
All
Ctrl+F12
File Open
File, Open
All
Alt+F1
Insert Chart
Insert, Chart...
All
Alt+F2
Save As
File, Save As
All
Alt+F4
Exit
File, Exit
All
Alt+F8
Macro dialog box
Tools, Macro, Macros in Excel 97 Tools,Macros - in earlier versions
Excel 97/2000
Alt+F11
Visual Basic Editor
Tools, Macro, Visual Basic Editor
Excel 97/2000
Ctrl+Shift+F3
Create name by using names of row and column labels
Insert, Name, Create
All
Ctrl+Shift+F6
Previous Window
Window, ...
All
Ctrl+Shift+F12
Print
File, Print
All
Alt+Shift+F1
New worksheet
Insert, Worksheet
All
Alt+Shift+F2
Save
File, Save
All
Alt+=
AutoSum
No direct equivalent
All
Ctrl+`
Toggle Value/Formula display
Tools, Options, View, Formulas
All
Ctrl+Shift+A
Insert argument names into formula
No direct equivalent
All
Alt+Down arrow
Display AutoComplete list
None
Excel 95
Alt+'
Format Style dialog box
Format, Style
All
Ctrl+Shift+~
General format
Format, Cells, Number, Category, General
All
Ctrl+Shift+!
Comma format
Format, Cells, Number, Category, Number
All
Ctrl+Shift+@
Time format
Format, Cells, Number, Category, Time
All
Ctrl+Shift+#
Date format
Format, Cells, Number, Category, Date
All
Ctrl+Shift+$
Currency format
Format, Cells, Number, Category, Currency
All
Ctrl+Shift+%
Percent format
Format, Cells, Number, Category, Percentage
All
Ctrl+Shift+^
Exponential format
Format, Cells, Number, Category,
All
Ctrl+Shift+&
Place outline border around selected cells
Format, Cells, Border
All
Ctrl+Shift+_
Remove outline border
Format, Cells, Border
All
Ctrl+Shift+*
Select current region
Edit, Goto, Special, Current Region
All
Ctrl++
Insert
Insert, (Rows, Columns, or Cells) Depends on selection
All
Ctrl+-
Delete
Delete, (Rows, Columns, or Cells) Depends on selection
All
Ctrl+1
Format cells dialog box
Format, Cells
All
Ctrl+2
Bold
Format, Cells, Font, Font Style, Bold
All
Ctrl+3
Italic
Format, Cells, Font, Font Style, Italic
All
Ctrl+4
Underline
Format, Cells, Font, Font Style, Underline
All
Ctrl+5
Strikethrough
Format, Cells, Font, Effects, Strikethrough
All
Ctrl+6
Show/Hide objects
Tools, Options, View, Objects, Show All/Hide
All
Ctrl+7
Show/Hide Standard toolbar
View, Toolbars, Stardard
All
Ctrl+8
Toggle Outline symbols
None
All
Ctrl+9
Hide rows
Format, Row, Hide
All
Ctrl+0
Hide columns
Format, Column, Hide
All
Ctrl+Shift+(
Unhide rows
Format, Row, Unhide
All
Ctrl+Shift+)
Unhide columns
Format, Column, Unhide
All
Alt or F10
Activate the menu
None
All
Ctrl+Tab
In toolbar: next toolbar
None
Excel 97/2000
Shift+Ctrl+Tab
In toolbar: previous toolbar
None
Excel 97/2000
Ctrl+Tab
In a workbook: activate next workbook
None


Quick links
Shortcut keys ABCsBasic PC shortcut keysF1 - F12 function keysLinux / Unix shortcut keysMacintosh and Apple shortcut keysMicrosoft Windows shortcuts and windows keysMicrosoft Excel shortcut keysMicrosoft Word shortcut keysMicrosoft Internet Explorer shortcut keysMicrosoft FrontPage shortcut keysMicrosoft Outlook shortcut keysMozilla FirefoxKeyboard terms
Shortcut keys ABCs
Shortcut keys help provide an easier and usually quicker method of navigating and using computer software programs. Shortcut keys are commonly accessed by using the Alt (on IBM compatible computers), command key (on Apple computers), Ctrl, and/or Shift in conjunction with a single letter. The de facto standard for listing a shortcut is listing the modifier key, a plus symbol, and the single character. Or in other words, "ALT+S" is telling you to press the Alt key and while continuing to hold the Alt key, press the S key to perform the shortcut.
In addition to the shortcuts listed on this page, users can find the shortcut keys to their most popular program by looking for underlined letters in their menus. For example, in the below picture, you can notice that the "F" in File has been underlined. You will then know that you can press the Alt key and F to access the File menu (Note: Some programs require the user press and hold ALT to see the underlined characters). Finally, as you can also see in the below picture some of the common features such as Open and Save have shortcut keys assigned to them. In the below example, pressing Ctrl+O would perform the open for the program.
As you begin to work with shortcut keys you will notice that several applications share the same shortcut keys. We have listed many of these keys in our basic PC shortcut keys section.
Note: Users outside the United States or users using a foreign copy of a Microsoft Windows or Microsoft application may not be able to get all the below shortcut keys to perform the function listed below.





Basic PC shortcut keys
The below basic shortcut keys are a listing of shortcut keys that will work with almost all IBM compatible computers and software programs. It is highly recommended that all users keep a good reference of the below short cut keys and/or try to memorize the below keys. Doing so will dramatically increase your productivity.
Shortcut Keys
Description
Alt + F
File menu options in current program.
Alt + E
Edit options in current program
F1
Universal Help in almost every Windows program.
Ctrl + A
Select all text.
Ctrl + X
Cut selected item.
Shift + Del
Cut selected item.
Ctrl + C
Copy selected item.
Ctrl + Ins
Copy selected item
Ctrl + V
Paste
Shift + Ins
Paste
Home
Goes to beginning of current line.
Ctrl + Home
Goes to beginning of document.
End
Goes to end of current line.
Ctrl + End
Goes to end of document.
Shift + Home
Highlights from current position to beginning of line.
Shift + End
Highlights from current position to end of line.
Ctrl + Left arrow
Moves one word to the left at a time.
Ctrl + Right arrow
Moves one word to the right at a time.
Links to shortcut related pages
What are the F1 through F12 keys?
Question:
What are the F1 through F12 keys?
Answer:
Commonly known as "function keys", F1 through F12 may have a variety of different uses or no use at all. Depending on the installed operating system and the software program currently open will change how each of these keys operate. A program is capable of not only using each of the function keys, but also combining the function keys with the ALT and/or CTRL keys, for example, Microsoft Windows users can press ALT + F4 to close the program currently active.
Below is a short-listing of some of the common functions of the functions keys on computers running Microsoft Windows. As mentioned above not all programs support function keys and/or may perform different tasks then those mentioned below. If you are looking for more specific shortcut keys and function key examples we suggest seeing our shortcut key page.
F1
Almost always used as the help key, almost every program will open the help screen when this key is pressed.
Windows Key + F1 would open the Microsoft Windows help and support center.
Open the Task Pane.
F2
In Windows commonly used to rename a highlighted icon or file.
Alt + Ctrl + F2 opens a new document in Microsoft Word.
Ctrl + F2 displays the print preview window in Microsoft Word.
F3
Often opens a search feature for many programs including Microsoft Windows.
Shift + F3 will change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.
F4
Open find window.
Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+)
Alt + F4 will close the program currently active in Microsoft Windows.
Ctrl + F4 will close the open window within the current active window in Microsoft Windows.
F5
In all modern Internet browsers pressing F5 will refresh or reload the page or document window.
Open the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word.
Starts a slideshow in PowerPoint.
F6
Move the cursor to the Address bar in Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox.
Ctrl + Shift + F6 opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
F7
Commonly used to spell check and grammar check a document in Microsoft programs such as Microsoft Word, Outlook, etc.
Shift + F7 runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted.
Turns on Caret browsing in Mozilla Firefox.
F8
Function key used to enter the Windows startup menu, commonly use to get into Windows Safe Mode.
F9
Opens the Measurements toolbar in Quark 5.0.
F10
In Microsoft Windows activates the menu bar of an open application.
Shift + F10 is the same as right-clicking on a highlighted icon, file, or Internet link.
F11
Full-screen mode in all modern Internet browsers.
F12
Open the Save as window in Microsoft Word.
Shift + F12 save the Microsoft Word document.
Ctrl + Shift + F12 prints a document in Microsoft Word.
Additional information:
See our function keys dictionary definition for additional information about this term and related terms.
Unix / Linux shortcut keys
Quick links
IntroductionKeyboard shortcut keysCommand line shortcuts
Introduction
Shortcuts are designed to help shorten the time required to perform frequently used commands or actions. In the below sections we have listed keyboard shortcut keys that can be performed by pressing two or more keys at once. In addition to keyboard shortcut keys, we have also listed command line shortcut keys that can be typed in at the shell.
Please note that the below shortcut keys and command line shortcuts will not work on all variants of Unix and/or Linux.
Keyboard shortcut keys

CTRL + B
Moves the cursor backward one character.
CTRL + C
Cancels the currently running command.
CTRL + D
Logs out of the current session.
CTRL + F
Moves the cursor forward one character.
CTRL + H
Erase one character. Similar to pressing backspace.
CTRL + P
Paste previous line and/or lines.
CTRL + S
Stops all output on screen (XOFF).
CTRL + Q
Turns all output stopped on screen back on (XON).
CTRL + U
Erases the complete line.
CTRL + W
Deletes the last word typed in. For example, if you typed 'mv file1 file2' this shortcut would delete file2.
CTRL + Z
Cancels current operation, moves back a directory and/or takes the current operation and moves it to the background. See bg command for additional information about background.
Command line shortcuts
In addition to the below command line shortcuts, it is also helpful to use the alias command that allows you to specify a keyword for frequently used commands or mistakes.

~
Moves to the user's home directory.
!!
Repeats the line last entered at the shell. See history command for previous commands.
!$
Repeats the last argument for the command last used. See history command for previous commands.
reset
Resets the terminal if terminal screen is not displaying correctly.
shutdown -h now
Remotely or locally shuts the system down.
Apple Macintosh shortcut keys
Please note that not all of the below shortcut keys will work in all versions of Mac OS.
Open Apple + Down
Opens the selected icon.
Shift + Click
Select the icon and add it to the set of those selected.
Tab
Highlight the next icon inside the folder, in alphabetical order.
Shift + Tab
Highlight the previous icon inside the folder, in alphabetical order.
Left arrow
Used when viewing by icon to select the icon to the left of the one highlighted.
Right arrow
Used when viewing by icon to select icon to the right of the one highlighted.
Up arrow
Used to select the icon above the one currently highlighted.
Down arrow
Used to select the icon below the one currently highlighted.
Open Apple + ?
Mac help
Open Apple + E
Eject
Open Apple + Shift + Up Arrow
Used to direct the input focus to the desktop level.
Open Apple + M
Minimize window
Open Apple + N
New finder window
Open Apple + Shirt + N
New folder
Open Apple + W
Close the current window.
Open Apple + C
Copy the elected item to the clipboard.
Open Apple + X
Cut the selected item.
Open Apple + V
Paste item from the clipboard
Open Apple + L
Make alias
Open Apple + R
Show original item
Open Apple + T
Add to favorites
Open Apple + O
Open the selected icon.
Open Apple + F
Display the find dialog box.
Open Apple + G
Repeat the last find operation.
Open Apple + Shift + G
Takes a snapshot of the screen and saves it to a PICT file.


Microsoft Windows shortcut keys
Below is a listing of all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft Windows as well as the versions of Microsoft Windows they're supported in. If you're looking for shortcut keys or information about how to navigate Microsoft Windows using your keyboard instead of the mouse see document CH000791. See our main shortcut page if you're looking for other shortcut keys used in other programs.
Shortcut Keys
3.x
95
98
ME
NT
2000
XP
Vista
Description
Alt + Tab
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Switch between open applications.
Alt + Shift + Tab
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Switch backwards between open applications.
Alt + double-click

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Display the properties of the object you double-click on. For example, doing this on a file would display its properties.
Ctrl + Tab
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Switches between program groups or document windows in applications that support this feature.
Ctrl + Shift + Tab
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Same as above but backwards.
Alt + Print Screen
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Create a screen shot only for the program you are currently in.
Ctrl + Alt + Del
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Reboot the computer and/or bring up the Windows task manager.
Ctrl + Esc
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Bring up the Windows Start menu. In Windows 3.x this would bring up the Task Manager.
Alt + Esc

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Switch Between open applications on taskbar.
F1
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Activates help for current open application.
F2
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Renames selected Icon.
F3

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Starts find from desktop.
F4

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Opens the drive selection when browsing.
F5

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Refresh Contents.
F10
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Activates menu bar.
Shift + F10

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Simulates right-click on selected item.
F4

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Select a different location to browse in the Windows Explorer toolbar.
Alt + F4
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Closes Current open program.
Ctrl + F4
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Closes Window in Program.
F6

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Move cursor to different Windows Explorer pane.
Ctrl + Space bar
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Drops down the window control menu.
Ctrl + (the '+' key on the keypad)


X
X
X
X
X
X
Automatically adjust the widths of all the columns in Windows explorer
Alt + Enter

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Opens properties window of selected icon or program.
Shift + Del

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Delete programs/files without throwing them into the recycle bin.
Holding Shift
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Boot Safe Mode or by pass system files as the computer is booting.
Holding Shift

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
When putting in an audio CD, will prevent CD Player from playing.
Enter
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Activates the highlighted program.
Alt + Down arrow

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Display all available options on drop down menu.
* (on the keypad)

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Expands all folders on the currently selected folder or drive in Windows Explorer.
+ (on the keypad)

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Expands only the currently selected folder in Windows Explorer.
- (on the keypad)

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Collapses the currently selected folder in Windows Explorer.










Windows key keyboard shortcuts
Below is a listing of Windows keys that can be used on computers running a Microsoft Windows operating system and using a keyboard with a Windows key. In the below list of shortcuts, the Windows key is represented by "WINKEY".
Shortcut Keys
Description
WINKEY
Pressing the Windows key alone will open Start.
WINKEY + F1
Opens the Microsoft Windows help and support center.
WINKEY + F3
Opens the Advanced find window in Microsoft Outlook.
WINKEY + D
Brings the desktop to the top of all other windows.
WINKEY + M
Minimizes all windows.
WINKEY + SHIFT + M
Undo the minimize done by WINKEY + M and WINKEY + D.
WINKEY + E
Open Microsoft Explorer.
WINKEY + Tab
Cycle through open programs through the taskbar.
WINKEY + F
Display the Windows Search / Find feature.
WINKEY + CTRL + F
Display the search for computers window.
WINKEY + F1
Display the Microsoft Windows help.
WINKEY + R
Open the run window.
WINKEY + Pause / Break key
Open the system properties window.
WINKEY + U
Open Utility Manager.
WINKEY + L
Lock the computer (Windows XP and above only).


Microsoft Excel shortcut keys
Below is a listing of all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft Excel. See our main shortcut page if you're looking for other shortcut keys used in other programs.
Shortcut Keys
Description
F2
Edit the selected cell.
F5
Goto a specific cell. For example, C6.
F7
Spell check selected text and/or document.
F11
Create chart.
Ctrl + Shift + ;
Enter the current time.
Ctrl + ;
Enter the current date.
Alt + Shift + F1
Insert New Worksheet.
Shift + F3
Open the Excel formula window.
Shift + F5
Bring up search box.
Ctrl + A
Select all contents of the worksheet.
Ctrl + B
Bold highlighted selection.
Ctrl + I
Italic highlighted selection.
Ctrl + K
Insert link.
Ctrl + U
Underline highlighted selection.
Ctrl + 5
Strikethrough highlighted selection.
Ctrl + P
Bring up the print dialog box to begin printing.
Ctrl + Z
Undo last action.
Ctrl + F9
Minimize current window.
Ctrl + F10
Maximize currently selected window.
Ctrl + F6
Switch between open workbooks / windows.
Ctrl + Page up
Move between Excel work sheets in the same Excel document.
Ctrl + Page down
Move between Excel work sheets in the same Excel document.
Ctrl + Tab
Move between Two or more open Excel files.
Alt + =
Create a formula to sum all of the above cells
Ctrl + '
Insert the value of the above cell into cell currently selected.
Ctrl + Shift + !
Format number in comma format.
Ctrl + Shift + $
Format number in currency format.
Ctrl + Shift + #
Format number in date format.
Ctrl + Shift + %
Format number in percentage format.
Ctrl + Shift + ^
Format number in scientific format.
Ctrl + Shift + @
Format number in time format.
Ctrl + Arrow key
Move to next section of text.
Ctrl + Space
Select entire column.
Shift + Space
Select entire row.
Microsoft Word shortcut keys
Below is a listing of all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft Word. See our main shortcut page if you're looking for other shortcut keys used in other programs.
Shortcut Keys
Description
Ctrl + A
Select all contents of the page.
Ctrl + B
Bold highlighted selection.
Ctrl + C
Copy selected text.
Ctrl + X
Cut selected text.
Ctrl + P
Open the print window.
Ctrl + F
Open find box.
Ctrl + I
Italic highlighted selection.
Ctrl + K
Insert link.
Ctrl + U
Underline highlighted selection.
Ctrl + V
Paste.
Ctrl + Y
Redo the last action performed.
Ctrl + Z
Undo last action.
Ctrl + L
Aligns the line or selected text to the left of the screen.
Ctrl + E
Aligns the line or selected text to the center of the screen.
Ctrl + R
Aligns the line or selected text to the right of the screen.
Ctrl + M
Indent the paragraph.
Ctrl + Shift + F
Change the font.
Ctrl + Shift + >
Increase selected font +1pts up to 12pt and then increases font +2pts.
Ctrl + ]
Increase selected font +1pts.
Ctrl + Shift + <
Decrease selected font -1pts if 12pt or lower, if above 12 decreases font by +2pt.
Ctrl + [
Decrease selected font -1pts.
Ctrl + Shift + *
View or hide non printing characters.
Ctrl +
Moves one word to the left.
Ctrl +
Moves one word to the right.
Ctrl +
Moves to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
Ctrl +
Moves to the end of the paragraph.
Ctrl + Del
Deletes word to right of cursor.
Ctrl + Backspace
Deletes word to left of cursor.
Ctrl + End
Moves the cursor to the end of the document.
Ctrl + Home
Moves the cursor to the beginning of the document.
Ctrl + Spacebar
Reset highlighted text to the default font.
Ctrl + 1
Single-space lines.
Ctrl + 2
Double-space lines.
Ctrl + 5
1.5-line spacing.
Ctrl + Alt + 1
Changes text to heading 1.
Ctrl + Alt + 2
Changes text to heading 2.
Ctrl + Alt + 3
Changes text to heading 3.
Ctrl + F1
Open the Task Pane.
F1
Open Help.
Alt + Ctrl + F2
Open new document.
Ctrl + F2
Display the print preview.
Shift + F3
Change the text in Microsoft Word from upper to lower case or a capital letter at the beginning of every word.
Shift + Insert
Paste.
F4
Repeat the last action performed (Word 2000+)
F5
Open the find, replace, and go to window in Microsoft Word.
Ctrl + Shift + F6
Opens to another open Microsoft Word document.
F7
Spell and grammar check selected text and/or document.
Shift + F7
Runs a Thesaurus check on the word highlighted.
F12
Save as.
Shift + F12
Save.
Ctrl + Shift + F12
Prints the document.
Alt + Shift + D
Insert the current date.
Alt + Shift + T
Insert the current time.
In addition to the above shortcut keys users can also use their mouse as a method of quickly do something commonly performed. Below some are examples of mouse shortcuts.
Mouse shortcuts
Description
Click, hold, and drag
Selects text from where you click and hold to the point you drag and let go.
Double-click
If double-click a word, selects the complete word.
Double-click
Double-clicking on the left, center, or right of a blank line will make the alignment of the text left, center, or right aligned.
Double-click
Double-clicking anywhere after text on a line will set a tab stop.
Triple-click
Selects the line or paragraph of the text the mouse triple-clicked.
Ctrl + Mouse wheel
Zooms in and out of document
Internet Explorer shortcut keys
Below is a listing of all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft Internet Explorer. See our main shortcut page if you're looking for other shortcut keys used in other programs.
Shortcut Keys
Description
Alt + Left Arrow
Back a page.
Backspace
Back a page.
Alt + Right Arrow
Forward a page.
F5
Refresh current page, frame, or tab.
F11
Display the current website in full screen mode. Pressing F11 again will exit this mode.
Esc
Stop page or download from loading.
Ctrl + (- or +)
Increase or decrease the font size, pressing '-' will decrease and '+' will increase.
Ctrl + Enter
Quickly complete an address. For example, type computerhope in the address bar and press CTRL + ENTER to get http://www.computerhope.com.
Ctrl + D
Add a Favorite for the page currently opened.
Ctrl + I
Display available bookmarks.
Ctrl + N
Open New browser window.
Ctrl + P
Print current page / frame.
Ctrl + T
Opens a new tab.
Ctrl + F4
Closes the currently selected tab.
Ctrl + Tab
Moves through each of the open tabs.
Spacebar
Moves down a page at a time.
Shift + Spacebar
Moves up a page at a time.
Alt + Down arrow
Display all previous text entered in a text box and/or available options on drop down menu.
Microsoft FrontPage shortcut keys
Below is a listing of all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft FrontPage. See our main shortcut page if you're looking for other shortcut keys used in other programs.
Shortcut Keys
Description
Ctrl + C
Copy selected text.
Ctrl + X
Cut selected text.
Ctrl + P
Paste selected text.
Ctrl + K
Create a hyperlink.
Ctrl + B
Bold highlighted selection.
Ctrl + I
Italic highlighted selection.
Ctrl + U
Underline highlighted selection.
Ctrl + L
Left align the text.
Ctrl + R
Right align the text.
Ctrl + E
Center the text.
Ctrl + /
Turn on or off the display of HTML tags.
Ctrl + S
Save document.
Ctrl + Tab
Switch between open web pages.
Ctrl + Ins
Enter Line break.
Ctrl + Enter
Move cursor above or below a table.
Ctrl + Shift + B
Preview in web browser window.
Ctrl + Shift + <
Decrease font size.
Ctrl + Shift + >
Increase font size.
Ctrl + Del
Deletes word to right of cursor.
Ctrl + Backspace
Deletes word to left of cursor.
Alt + mouse double-click
View the properties of a selected item. For example, doing this on a table cell would display the properties for that cell.
Microsoft Outlook shortcut keys
Below is a listing of all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft Outlook. See our main shortcut page if you're looking for other shortcut keys used in other programs.
Shortcut Keys
Description
Alt + S
Send the e-mail
Ctrl + C
Copy selected text.
Ctrl + X
Cut selected text.
Ctrl + P
Paste selected text.
Ctrl + K
Complete the name and/or e-mail being typed in the e-mail address bar.
Ctrl + B
Bold highlighted selection
Ctrl + I
Italic highlighted selection
Ctrl + U
Underline highlighted selection
Ctrl + R
Reply to an e-mail.
Ctrl + F
Forward an e-mail.
Ctrl + N
Create a new e-mail.
Ctrl + Shift + A
Create a new appointment to your calendar.
Ctrl + Shift + O
Open the Outbox.
Ctrl + Shift + I
Open the Inbox.
Ctrl + Shift + K
Add a new task.
Ctrl + Shirt + C
Create a new contact.
Ctrl + Shift + J
Create a new journal entry
Mozilla Firefox shortcut keys
Below is a listing of all the major shortcut keys in Mozilla Firefox. See our main shortcut page if you're looking for other shortcut keys used in other programs.
Shortcut Keys
Description
Alt + Left Arrow
Back a page.
Backspace
Back a page.
Alt + Right Arrow
Forward a page.
F5
Refresh current page, frame, or tab.
F11
Display the current website in full screen mode. Pressing F11 again will exit this mode.
Esc
Stop page or download from loading.
Ctrl + (- or +)
Increase or decrease the font size, pressing '-' will decrease and '+' will increase.
Ctrl + Enter
Quickly complete an address. For example, type computerhope in the address bar and press CTRL + ENTER to get http://www.computerhope.com.
Shift + Enter
Complete a .net instead of a .com address.
Ctrl + Shift + Enter
Complete a .org address.
Ctrl + Shift + Del
Open the Clear Data window to quickly clear private data.
Ctrl + D
Add a bookmark for the page currently opened.
Ctrl + I
Display available bookmarks.
Ctrl + J
Display the download window.
Ctrl + N
Open New browser window.
Ctrl + P
Print current page / frame.
Ctrl + T
Opens a new tab.
Ctrl + F4
Closes the currently selected tab.
Ctrl + Shift + T
Undo the close of a window.
Ctrl + Tab
Moves through each of the open tabs.
Spacebar
Moves down a page at a time.
Shift + Spacebar
Moves up a page at a time.
Alt + Down arrow
Display all previous text entered in a text box and/or available options on drop down menu.
Alt
Short for Alternate, Alt is a key generally located by the space bar on IBM compatible computer keyboards. This term may be used to describe a key combination such as:
CTRL + ALT + DEL
The above combination means press and hold on the keyboard CTRL and ALT and DEL to perform the function, in this case reboot the computer or open the close program window / task manager window.
Additional information about keyboards and keyboard keys can be found on our keyboard help page.
Any key
Means any key on the keyboard such as the space bar or enter key. Generally, programs will display the message press any key to continue. This indicates to press any of the keys on your keyboard to continue. There is not a key on the keyboard called any key.
Single quote
Also known as an apostrophe a single quote is a symbol on the keyboard that looks like a small single vertical lines ( ' ) often found on the United States QWERTY keyboard by the Enter key. In computer programming single quotes are used to contain commands or literal strings.
Arrow keys
Also known as cursor keys, arrow keys are keyboard keys located in-between the standard keyboard and the numeric pad on the majority of all keyboards. These four keys are the left arrow (back arrow), up arrow, down arrow, and the right arrow (forward arrow). Some examples of how these keys can be used are:
Move the text cursor on the screen.
Use in combination with other keys for shortcut keys. For example, pressing the Alt key and the left arrow key in Microsoft Internet Explorer will take you back one Internet page.
Move a character in a computer game.
Select text.
Move the mouse with the keyboard instead of the mouse.
Below is an example image of the Saitek Gamers' keyboard and an example of where the arrow keys are commonly located on the keyboard.
Below is a more closer look at what the arrow keys may look like on your keyboard. Some keyboards such as the Microsoft natural keyboard may position these keys differently.
In addition to the traditional arrow keys as shown above the numberic keypad can also function as arrow keys when Num Lock is off.
Back slash
Also known as a reverse solidus, the back slash is a computer keyboard key ( \ ) found on the same key as the pipe key. The back slash is commonly used to represent a path, such as "c:\windows".
ackspace key
Sometimes referred to as the rubout key, the backspace key or back space key is a keyboard key used to delete any character before the current position of the cursor


Caps lock
Computer keyboard togglekey that enables or disables all the letters from being typed in uppercase. When the caps lock key is enabled, a user would type: "LIKE THIS" and when it is disabled, a user would type: "like this". Users who keep their caps lock enabled and type in all uppercase are often considered to be YELLING when they are typing.

Colon

A symbol that looks like two periods above each other ( : ) that is found on the same key as the semicolon on standard United States keyboards. An example of where colons are used with computers is when specifying a drive letter in MS-DOS. For example, typing in "A:" at the MS-DOS prompt would switch to the A drive or floppy drive and allow you to read a floppy diskette.
An additional listing of computer keyboard keys can be found by clicking her


Command key
Also known as the beanie key or open apple key or just command, the command key is a key found on all Apple Macintosh computer keyboards that is located between the alt or option key and the space bar key. This key enables a user to quickly perform tasks by pressing it in conjunction with one or more other keys.
Users that are not familiar with the Apple Macintosh but are familiar with IBM compatible computers can relate this key to the Microsoft Windows key

e. Control keys
Not to be confused with the "CTRL keys", control keys are a section of keys on your keyboard that enable additional control over a document and the computer. Print Screen, Scroll Lock, Pause, Break, Insert, Home, Page Up, Delete, End, and Page down are all examples of control keys. Below is an example image of the Saitek Gamers' keyboard and an example of where the control keys are commonly located on the keyboard.
Windows key
A keyboard key commonly found on IBM compatible computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system. The Windows key has the Microsoft flag logo on it and is located between the CTRL and ALT keys on the keyboard. This key allows a user to perform commonly performed tasks using the Windows key in combination with another key.
Users who are not familiar with IBM compatible computers but are familiar with Apple Macintosh computers can relate this key to the Apple command key.
Below is a graphic of what the Windows and Menu keys look like on a keyboard with these keys. Each Windows keyboard will have the two keys shown below as well as an additional Windows key on the other side of the keyboard.
See document CH000949 for additional information about disabling this key.
A listing of these key combinations can be found on our Microsoft Windows and applications shortcut keys page.

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